Melasma, otherwise known as the pregnancy mask, is characterized by bilateral hyperpigmentation (both sides of face) and of pigmented spots. Melasma has been attributed to impairment of DNA of the Melanocytes, leading to cell dysfunction. It often occurs around the mouth, cheeks and forehead. It is a difficult condition to treat and is influenced by pregnancy and birth control. It is exacerbated by heat, UV, spicy foods, alcohol, exercise, harsh skin products and Laser/IPL treatments.
The treatment strategy for Melasma includes feeding the skin antioxidants, removing scar tissue and cellular debris, calming inflammation, increasing epidermal turnover, normalizing or the replacement of damaged Melanocytes (pigment cells), repairing DNA to improve the repair response and UV protection. Specialized serums containing Tyrosinase inhibitors and pigment blockers are essential for the treatment and maintenance for this type of pigment disorder.